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Post time: 13-1-2020 18:05:50
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In the year 1336 A.D., during the reign of
Edward III. of England, there occurred in India an
event which almost instantaneously changed the
political condition of the entire south. With that
date the volume of ancient history in that tract
closes and the modern begins. It is the epoch of
transition from the Old to the New.
This event was the foundation of the city and
kingdom of Vijayanagar. Prior to A.D. 1336 all
Southern India had lain under the domination of the
ancient Hindu kingdoms, -- kingdoms so old that
their origin has never been traced, but which are
mentioned in Buddhist edicts rock-cut sixteen
centuries earlier; the Pandiyans at Madura, the
Cholas at Tanjore, and others. When Vijayanagar
sprang into existence the past was done with for
ever, and the monarchs of the new state became
lords or overlords of the territories lying between
the Dakhan and Ceylon.
There was no miracle in this. It was the
natural result of the persistent efforts made by
the Muhammadans to conquer all India. When these
dreaded invaders reached the Krishna River the
Hindus to their south, stricken with terror,
combined, and gathered in haste to the new standard
which alone seemed to offer some hope of
protection. The decayed old states crumbled away
into nothingness, and the fighting kings of
Vijayanagar became the saviours of the south for
two and a half centuries.
And yet in the present day the very existence
of this kingdom is hardly remembered in India;
while its once magnificent capital, planted on the
extreme northern border of its dominions and
bearing the proud title of the "City of Victory,"
has entirely disappeared save for a few scattered
ruins of buildings that were once temples or
palaces, and for the long lines of massive walls
that constituted its defences. Even the name has
died out of men's minds and memories, and the
remains that mark its site are known only as the
ruins lying near the little village of Hampe.

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