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[History] THE BAHAMANIS OF THE DECCAN : AN OBJECTIVE STUDY: BY HAROON KHAN SHERWANI:

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Post time: 14-1-2020 10:33:39
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Edited by asky332000 at 15-1-2020 10:43 AM

THE BAHAMANIS OF THE DECCAN : AN OBJECTIVE STUDY:
BY HAROON KHAN SHERWANI:




The Birth of the Bahmani Sultanate



Long before Vijayanagar was celebrated as the City of Victory, it was the capital of the Yadava kings of the Deccan that poets eulogized in verse and song as the abode of the gods. In reality, of course, Devagiri was the abode not so much of the divine as much as of some exceedingly wealthy monarchs, talk of whose riches reached the ears of a Muslim prince far away in the north of India. It was he who changed forever the history of the south, and it was also this warrior-prince who opened a chapter in the story of India that many interpret as a totalizing clash of civilizations and a feud between two antagonistic religions and their cultures. The truth, of course, is a little more complicated.

Islam, tradition claims, had arrived on the Malabar coast during the lifetime of the Prophet himself, touching the Deccan at any rate by the tenth century thereafter. The process was peaceful, with traders serving as worthy ambassadors for the faith,1 while some came seeking sanctuary from persecution in their own homelands.2 In the Rashtrakuta kingdom, wrote the traveller Al Masudi, for instance, they were ‘honoured and protected’ and took to ‘wearing the same dresses and having their beards grown in the same manner’ as Hindus of the region.3 Islam’s inauguration in the north , however, launched an age of conquest and violence – as Al Biruni wrote with typical flourish in the eleventh century: invaders from the west ‘utterly ruined the prosperity of the country’ and ‘the Hindus became like atoms of dust scattered in all directions’.4 But in due course the foreigners settled down, and their rule culminated in 1206 in the constitution of what is called the Delhi Sultanate.




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